Originally it was referred to as Dietetics all measures for healing and maintaining health, today the term includes the advice or care of people with regard to their nutrition, whereby certain diseases are to be cured.
The term dietetics encompasses all nutritional therapeutic measures that aim to prevent or treat diseases.
The term dietetics encompasses all nutritional therapeutic measures that aim to prevent or treat diseases. Dietetics is primarily concerned with the right nutrition for various diseases such as anorexia, diabetes mellitus or obesity, but also with nutrition in special life situations such as during pregnancy.
The term dietetics can be traced back to the Hippocratic tradition, where a regular life and sufficient physical activity were required in addition to a healthy diet. In the Roman Empire, Galen took up this approach again. He summarized six things that were particularly important:
Even at the time of the Renaissance, many guides appeared that dealt with a healthy lifestyle. This teaching then experienced another high at the beginning of the 19th century, when, for example, Christoph Wilhelm Hufeland or Bernhard Christoph Faust dealt intensively with nutritional issues. In the 20th century, completely new concepts emerged, such as the Bircher-Benner diet from Maximillian Oskar Bircher-Benner or the whole food diet from Werner Kollath.
Different illnesses require adherence to a special nutrition plan. Depending on the illness, dietitians or dieticians then put together a specific diet that is precisely tailored to the needs of the patient. Eating behavior should be changed with the help of dietetics or nutritional therapy. Ingredients can either be left out or increased.
For example, a higher intake of fruit and vegetables is often necessary, whereas certain foods may not be consumed in the case of allergies. The nutrition therapist deals with the patients and their illnesses individually and takes nutritional behavior and their personal situation into account. Dietetics is used for the following diseases:
For example, people with high blood pressure can lower their blood pressure by losing weight. If you have gout, a low-purine diet can help, while increased fiber intake lowers the risk of colon cancer. A special diet is also recommended during pregnancy or breastfeeding, and the same applies to athletes and the elderly. To prevent or cure diseases, patients can choose from a range of nutritional teachings:
Dietetics or nutritional therapy is offered either on an outpatient or inpatient basis. There are special practices in which the relevant experts work, but it is also used in hospitals as a therapeutic measure. Nutritional therapy always begins with the patient's medical history, whereby a distinction is made between a cognitive counseling approach and a client-centered approach. The cognitive approach has long been considered the method of choice.
He assumed that it would be sufficient to educate patients about the possible negative consequences of malnutrition in order to raise awareness of a healthier lifestyle. In this context, content was mainly conveyed in the form of a lecture, but the affective and sensorimotor levels were hardly considered. Eventually, however, there was a change to the so-called client-centered counseling approach, in which the therapist primarily also addresses the patient's wishes. In addition to advice, the focus here is also on practical exercises, which means that clients have the opportunity, for example, to weigh food or prepare menus.
No solution is given, but the main part of the conversation is done by the patient. It is also important to record the patient's nutritional history, which reflects his or her eating habits. In this way it is possible to formulate the problem or the goal precisely. With the help of the therapist, various proposed solutions can then be worked out, but the patient must ultimately decide on a path.
As a result, the client is not pushed in one direction, but his concerns can be addressed individually. The corresponding diets aim to cure the disease or to delay the development of diseases. A healthy diet can support the body's self-healing powers, especially in the case of chronic diseases. Special diets are absolutely necessary for diseases that can be influenced by diet, including, for example, high cholesterol or diabetes.