As Efficiency describes the potential of a person to carry out targeted mental and physical activities. This performance potential depends on psychological, physical and emotional factors.
Performance is the potential of a person to perform targeted mental and physical activities.
An important factor is a person's motivation, which motivates them to do certain activities or not. If there is a lack of motivation, people quickly reach the limits of their capabilities. Everyone has a physical, cognitive and emotional capacity. It concerns the performance capacity as well as the cognitive and emotional intelligence. These three important service areas are usually closely linked, but can also run separately from one another.
A person who is ascribed a high cognitive ability (intelligence) is often also emotionally compassionate towards his fellow human beings, that is, his emotional intelligence is also well developed. However, these three pillars of performance can also run separately from one another. An elderly person with impaired physical fitness can still be spiritually active and emotionally compassionate.
Human performance and intelligence are abstract quantities that are determined by measurement methods. In the area of physical performance, for example, strength measurement in athletes or ergometry as a determinant of cardiovascular performance parameters in heart patients are used.
Cognitive performance can be determined through various intelligence tests that are aimed at different target groups. It is a psychological diagnosis used to measure a person's intelligence. Unlike, for example, the height of a person, intelligence cannot be conclusively determined. It can also be increased through exercises.
The cognitive performance always has something to do with inherited talents and inclinations, as well as the social environment. A supposedly non-intelligent student with bad grades from a poorly educated household might have completely different requirements if he was properly supported and motivated by his parents or other caregivers.
Emotional intelligence can be determined using test procedures such as the "Emotional Competence Inventory" (ECI) or the "Mayer-Salovey-Caruso Emotional Intelligence Test" (MSCEIT). They determine to what extent a person is able to find their way around their social environment, how well they can assess situations and make decisions based on them. The emotional pillar of performance enables people to make social contacts such as relationships and friendships. It also influences success in personal and professional life, because it is not enough to be an intelligent high-flyer with the best grades and degrees if the ability to motivate yourself and empathy towards others is lacking.
From a biological point of view, there are limits to human performance. However, life expectancy has increased significantly as a result of progress and a simpler way of life. While people over the age of 60 were “old iron” just a few decades ago and also felt that way, the “new old” are fitter today than ever before. Social change, improved medical care and technological progress have shifted general life expectancy and thus also productivity upwards in old age. Positive changes in working conditions enable people to remain productive for longer. The prerequisite is of course that they stay healthy.
People of advanced age head research institutes, catch up on university degrees, shape art and science, run corporations and pass on their valuable knowledge to the next generation. A 60-year-old is as fit today as a 50-year-old was in the 1970s. What young people achieve through physical fitness, older people often make up for with routine and life experience. In this way, depending on the activity, a 60-year-old can achieve results that are quite comparable to those of a 40-year-old.
Despite the improved conditions in the fields of work, medicine and technology, human beings have biological limits. Above a certain age, performance decreases, and the performance curve in physical fitness usually begins to decline. Older people are no longer as flexible as younger people, typical age-related symptoms such as osteoarthritis, back pain and more rapid states of exhaustion can arise.
In the cognitive area, the ability to react, speed and comprehension decrease. Diseases such as cancer, dementia, Alzheimer's and heart problems, which statistically increase in the age of 50 and over, are the price because society has to pay for increased productivity and a long life.
Medical care and the care sector must be expanded significantly with an aging society in order to guarantee care for the elderly. However, medical progress allows elderly and sick people to live with only minor restrictions. Pacemakers, hip prostheses and good advances in the treatment of cancer, diabetes, heart disease and other ailments often enable the disease to progress moderately.