The male sexual organs consist of several anatomical components. They are a very important part of the sexual organs Testicles. The testes are created in the embryonic stage before birth and also determine the sex of a child.
Of the Testicles is in the real sense a gland in which the sperm or gonads are located, which are responsible for the man's fertility and thus the ability to reproduce.
The testicles are always present in pairs and are also called in medical terminology Gonads designated. Other names for the testicles are Testicle.
As early as the 4th to 6th week after fertilization of the egg cell, the testicles develop in the embryo. This development also includes a differentiation of the testicles and an integration of these organs in a protective connective tissue.
The Testicles are oval, the size of a plum and are embedded in the scrotum. The direct connection of the testes to the penis is the spermatic cord through which the germ cells migrate during sexual intercourse.
The testicle is covered by two layers of skin. There is a very narrow space between the two media. A serous fluid is contained in this space, which ensures a certain mobility of the testicles.
Various arteries are connected to the testes so that the tissue of the testes and the gonads contained can be optimally supplied with oxygen and nutrients. A vein that leads away from the testicle is responsible for draining oxygen-poor blood.
The arteries branch out in the testes to form fine capillaries, which can also be found in the seminiferous tubules. The matured sperm cells are collected in the epididymis. These epididymis can be felt above the testicle.
The main task of the Testicles consists in the storage of the sperm formed after puberty. In addition, the testicles are responsible for the production of the male hormone, testosterone.
As so-called internal genital organs, the testes help ensure that the sperm cells required for fertilization are in a healthy condition and in sufficient numbers. In addition, not only male hormones and sperm cells are produced in the testes.
The testes also produce the seminal fluid with which the sperm cells reach their desired destination during ejaculation. During the formation of the sperm cells in the testes, various stages are carried out, which ultimately end with the provision of the so-called spermatids. This cycle occurs roughly every two months.
In connection with the development of male hormones, which get from the testes into the bloodstream, the external physical characteristics of a man can develop. These hormones, which are known as androgens and are produced in the testes, belong to the group of gonadal hormones.
Diseases of the Testicles are quite possible, especially since these organs are extremely sensitive. The spectrum of diseases of the testicles ranges from congenital malformations and inflammatory processes to twisting and displacement of the testicles. Testicular carcinoma is one of the most feared and widespread diseases of the testicles.
Many diseases that affect the testicles can be treated well with state-of-the-art therapies. Some diseases of the testes such as water breakage (hydrocele) or varicose vein hernia (varicocele) are classified as less complicated diseases. This also applies to inflammation of the testicles. Unfortunately, the diseases of the testicles can have secondary impairments that affect fertility. For this reason, all diseases of the testicles should be subjected to medical therapy.
For some symptoms that are triggered by a disease of the testicles, drug therapy is sufficient. Diseases of the testicles such as testicular torsion must be corrected surgically. Inflammation of the testicles and epididymis can be a consequence of an infectious disease that has been spread via the prostate or the urinary tract. Orchitis or testicular inflammation often occurs after a goat peter survived in manhood and can lead to infertility.
In testicular cancer, various therapeutic approaches are taken, which are useful in the case of cancer. A regular check-up of the testicles from the risk age of 18 increases the chances of a cure.