A complete replacement in the case of several missing teeth is one Denture A dental prosthesis does not have to be exclusively for the elderly, but can also be an alternative to complete toothlessness for young people.
What is a denture?With dental prostheses, a distinction is made between total prostheses and partial prostheses. The simplest and cheapest dentures are made of plastic. More complex dentures are made of titanium and plastic. Ceramic is rarely used because the material breaks and rattles faster.
Like any other known form of prosthetic restoration, the so-called Denture the natural dentition. In addition, a dental prosthesis can bridge not only several or all, but also individual gaps in the dental apparatus.
The dental prosthesis is made from artificial materials and tailored as precisely as possible to the individual morphology of the remaining dentition. The denture is a foreign body, but it fulfills a number of important functions.
A dental prosthesis also contributes to a better visual appearance. Therefore, different types of dentures are made, which are known as partial or full dentures depending on the size of the teeth that are still present.
Shapes, types & types
The structure of the Dentures is based on a targeted selection of resistant and harmless materials as well as a sophisticated construction.
This must be static and not impair the natural appearance of the prosthesis wearer. As a rule, high-quality plastics, sometimes precious metals, porcelain and ceramics, are used for dentures.
Partial dentures as dental prostheses are available as interim or so-called provisional devices or as model cast prostheses. Other types of dentures are partial dentures as switching or cantilever dentures. Proven dental prostheses as total dentures are the complete upper and lower jaw prostheses.
Structure, function & mode of operationSchematic representation of the comparison of bridges and implants in dental prostheses. Click to enlarge.
The partial denture only works as a "gap filler" and bridges very large gaps between individually healthy or renovated teeth.
Partial dentures are used as dental prostheses in the variants of permanently fixed or removable replacement components as fully-fledged aids. In contrast to partial dentures, full dentures are glued to the upper palate of dentures or attached to existing, stable teeth.
To ensure a better fit and a more comfortable fit of the Dentures To ensure this, the structure of the jawbone with the body's own cartilage or bone substance can make sense.
Modern procedures, which are based on an artificially inserted pillar for a secure hold of the dental prosthesis, require the use of implants.
When fitting and fitting the dental prosthesis, the anatomical requirements of the jaws and gums as well as the rest of the teeth must be observed. That is why the dentists first create a comprehensive impression of the jaw, which serves as a prerequisite for the production of the dental prosthesis.
Full dentures, which only have to be fixed to the upper jaw without retaining teeth, are usually problematic because they do not hold well. In addition, the jawbones and the gums are subject to permanent changes, so that a dental prosthesis often needs to be improved. Dentures that are not properly seated, that are poorly made or that have not been properly adapted cause massive health problems and perform their intended tasks poorly or not at all. This can also be a reason why many people do not want to wear their dentures.
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Medical & health benefits
An optimal dental prosthesis, which is precisely tailored to the needs of the patient, not only enables the correct biting and chewing of food and at the same time supports the taste and stimulates digestion. Dentures are a medical necessity for people to stay healthy and eat.
Dentures also serve to preserve the gums and jawbones. Only when these areas are stressed, which is given when chewing, there is no decline in these tissue areas. What is important in this context is the so-called residual periodontin, which is Denture would inevitably regress. Without a denture, it would not be possible to articulate sounds intelligibly and it would also be difficult to drink.
If several teeth are missing and the upper and lower jaws no longer bite open, this leads to what is known as occlusal disharmony, which particularly affects the jaw joints. With a needs-based dental prosthesis, the syndromes that occur in occlusal dysfunction could be prevented.
Amazingly, dentures also improve hearing and, at the same time, aesthetic appearance. Without dentures, people can look much older and less attractive. In this context, a dental prosthesis is of psychosocial importance and increases the quality of life.