The nature of the skin is not just an indication of existing diseases. The skin also plays a primary role in connection with the aesthetics and visual appearance of a person. The skin also performs numerous functions.
Schematic representation of the anatomy and structure of the skin. The skin is a sensitive organ. Daily care and medical prevention help against skin aging and skin diseases. Click to enlarge.
The skin is a natural shell, which consists of several layers. It not only surrounds the externally visible part of the body. The skin is an organ that also lines or envelops many internal organs. She is also under the name Cutis or The MA known in medicine.
On the skin there is a visible layer of microorganisms, which is technically correctly referred to as skin flora. An intact skin flora is the prerequisite for healthy skin and its unrestricted functionality and beauty. In addition, like every organ, the skin is subject to natural aging processes and can become ill due to various influences.
Many people certainly already know that the skin is a complex of different layers, which in turn consist of different tissues and these in turn consist of varying cells. Would the skin cut through, the outer layer of skin, the epidermis, could first be cut through.
Underneath this is the dermis, the second layer of skin, whose name Corium is also correct. The lowest layer of the skin is the subcutaneous tissue or sub (-unter) cutis. Another anatomical medium can be recognized within the structures of the skin. The fibrous collagen substance gives the skin its limited elasticity and resistance.
The individual layers of the skin are preserved for a lifetime. The skin is renewed by the fact that the keratinized and no longer functional skin cells simply fall off.
In the function of the skin it depends on several areas. The natural shell holds the entire body together inside and out and also takes on a number of protective functions.
If the skin is intact, it is an ideal shield against low and high outside temperatures. The skin thus takes on an essential part in the "air conditioning" of the organism. It can give off excess energy when it is overheated and retain the heat when it is hypothermic. This makes the skin an important temperature regulator.
The skin ensures further protection against UV radiation, against mechanical influences and chemical substances. In addition, the skin serves to a certain extent as a "sliding organ" and for moistening in the form of the mucous membranes. In addition, the skin represents a natural barrier against the loss of fluid and prevents the access of microorganisms.
Within the sense organs, humans are able to feel movements and pain through the skin via the receptors in the nerves. Temperature differences and deviating pressures are received through the skin. The skin is used like a feeler when touching. In addition, the skin is constantly busy repairing it.
So reliable that skin also is so vulnerable is she alike. A whole range of skin diseases is treated in dermatology. These include both acquired and congenital skin defects or diseases.
Skin diseases are characterized by various complaints such as dandruff, annoying itching, redness, scab formation, oozing, wheals, papules, pustules and rashes. The classic skin diseases include shingles, neurodermatitis, psoriasis, acne, fungal diseases, heroes, eczema, warts and the stain of fire. The individual skin diseases are characterized by different forms and show a more or less good prognosis.
The skin reacts extremely sensitively to abnormal changes in the organism. These can lead to physical or psychological impairment of the skin and to diseases. Fungus, thrush, hyperhidrosis and hair loss are also considered to be skin diseases. Individual skin diseases relate in particular to the mucous membranes or only special skin tissues.
A large number of skin diseases can be hereditary or genetic. In addition, some skin complaints only arise in adulthood.