Many people have already experienced situations in life in which they felt uncomfortable and dizzy as a reaction to unusual movement. This so-called movement vertigo or the travel sickness is also known as Kinetosis.
The signs are particularly noticeable due to a sea voyage. In the preliminary stages of a trip, those affected experience the onset of nervousness, occasional discomfort and slight pressure in the stomach area.
The travel sickness is widespread and can often be found in different forms in the course of arrival and departure with unfamiliar vehicles. The following is an overview of the definition, symptoms, diagnosis, causes, treatment and prevention of kinetosis.
Kinetosis or motion sickness is the general term used to describe physical complaints that can occur when there is unusual movement on or in a vehicle, when there are vibrations in the upper floors of high buildings or when movements are simulated through interactive images.
The best-known form of kinetosis is seasickness, which can be triggered by the undulating movement of a ship in heavy seas. It can also happen that people who have had no problems with seasickness for years also experience kinetosis later, while others remain immune to motion sickness for their entire life.
In more severe cases, however, kinetosis can also lead to cardiovascular complaints, which must be treated with caution, as in rare cases they can also lead to death.
A travel sickness can occur when a conflict in the brain arises from the fact that sensed impressions can no longer be related. The eyes and sense of balance send different perceptions and cause nausea.
For example, while on a passenger ship movement is perceived but not visualized, in a car speed is only seen, not actively perceived. This form of passive movement, which can also be felt in skyscrapers or in elevators, can cause kinetosis.
Fearful and insecure people complain more often about motion sickness, fear of flying and negative expectations also affect the susceptibility to motion sickness. Those who are frequently affected by migraines are also considered to be more susceptible to kinetosis.
Motion sickness can have different degrees of severity. Symptoms can appear before and during travel. The signs are particularly noticeable due to a sea voyage. In the preliminary stages of a trip, those affected experience the onset of nervousness, occasional discomfort and slight pressure in the epigastric region.
It can also lead to cold sweats and shivering. Due to unfamiliar movement with a means of transport, motion sickness (kinetosis) can manifest itself as a pale complexion and feelings of dizziness. These can develop into serious circulatory disorders.
Typical signs of kinetosis are headache, nausea and vomiting, which are particularly common on a troubled sea voyage. The gastric and intestinal function is restricted. Heartburn can occur. Breathing speed can increase and sweating can occur more frequently.
In this condition an accelerated heartbeat can be determined. At the same time the blood pressure drops. In individual cases, sick people feel particularly weak and almost apathetic. There is general fatigue and listlessness. Symptoms of motion sickness include excessive yawning, a queasy feeling in the stomach and increased, almost compulsive swallowing.
Those affected speak less, react more slowly and appear disinterested. There is a lack of drive. Another sign of motion sickness is loss of appetite. In severe cases, palpitations are a symptom of motion sickness. In addition to a pale complexion, there may also be significant reddening of the face in individual cases.
A travel sickness can be diagnosed whenever the symptoms described above occur in response to unusual movement and occur suddenly and without physical cause. Those who rarely take the train, fly or travel by ferry may be affected by motion sickness every time.
Normally, the kinetosis subsides after a few days when traveling long-distance on a ship or when you get used to an unfamiliar living situation, regular flights or long car journeys. Motion sickness manifests itself in symptoms such as nausea, dizziness, vomiting or malaise, headache or paleness.
Motion sickness can cause a number of complications.First of all, the disease leads to gastrointestinal complaints - dehydration and deficiency symptoms can occur. In the elderly, children and the sick, excessive fluid loss can be life threatening. Furthermore, motion sickness can lead to hyperventilation and shortness of breath.
At the same time, blood pressure usually falls and the heartbeat accelerates. In rare cases the disease leads to circulatory collapse. In general, there is a sharp decrease in well-being - a symptom that can lead to problems in people with previous mental illnesses. Adverse events can also occur during treatment.
The typically prescribed drug scopolamine often causes temporary dry mouth, racing heart, and visual disturbances. Occasionally, drowsiness, hypotension and irritation of the eyelids occur after ingestion. Memory and concentration disorders, hallucinations and balance disorders can occur rarely, occasionally also temporary psychoses and acute glaucoma attacks.
Similar side effects and interactions are conceivable after taking meclozin, dimenhydrinate and other drugs. If the person concerned has to be given intravenous fluids, infections, edema and other symptoms can occasionally occur.
The motion sickness does not normally require medical treatment. The symptoms occur in connection with movement or an internal stress experience while traveling. In most cases the discrepancies are temporary and spontaneous healing occurs. If symptoms occur regularly and are directly related to a trip, a doctor or therapist should be consulted in advance. There are various options that can be used before starting a trip. In addition, self-help measures can be used to improve health.
If there are severe health problems, a doctor is required. Dizziness, vomiting, pale appearance and diarrhea should be observed. If the symptoms increase or persist over a longer period of time, they should be presented to a doctor. Listlessness, tiredness and changes in behavior are also signs of motion sickness. In severe cases, a doctor is needed.
Disturbances in consciousness, sweating and irregularities in memory are considered worrying. A doctor is needed if there is no improvement or if there are additional cardiovascular disorders. If the trip has to be canceled or interrupted due to the complaints, this is an indication that should be followed up. Sleep disorders, disorientation, and apathy should be discussed with a doctor.
For acute complaints by a travel sickness the patient is primarily advised to bring the imbalanced impressions of the balance organs and eyesight back into harmony and to visualize the movement.
In the car, a view out onto the road or a fixed point on the horizon helps. Anyone who is prone to kinetosis when driving a car, train or bus should also sit as far in front as possible, where the vehicle sways the least and movement is the least. The risk of getting motion sick is also higher in seats facing the opposite direction of travel.
Closed ship cabins should also be avoided in case of kinetosis. It is best to look through a window or onto the deck of the surrounding undulations that are causing the nausea.
In some cases, conscious relaxation and meditation can counteract kinetosis. If no improvement can be achieved, the patient should be placed on their back, and optimally to alleviate the disease is sleep, during which the sense of balance is not stimulated.
Medicinal forms of treatment are controversial and should only be used if the symptoms could not be alleviated otherwise. If necessary, a doctor should be entrusted with the treatment of the kinetosis.
One travel sickness You can prevent children under certain circumstances if you postpone the trip to the night and sleep thus prevents possible symptoms. If you are affected yourself, you should avoid stimulants such as coffee or alcohol and food that is heavy in the stomach the day before. For many people, chewing gum or even ingesting rusks or savory biscuits on an irritated stomach helps against kinetosis.
Since the symptoms usually resolve on their own shortly after the triggering stimuli have disappeared, extensive follow-up care is not required. Until the symptoms have completely subsided, however, those affected should take it easy and not strain themselves physically. An adequate supply of fluids and nutrients generally contributes to a quick recovery and can thus support the body's natural ability to regenerate.
In addition to water, we recommend light meals with a high water content that do not put additional strain on the stomach. However, it is not advisable to eat fatty foods, coffee and alcohol. If the motion sickness was treated with medication or in some other way, any after-effects of the substances ingested must also be considered. Some common preparations affect the ability to concentrate and cause tiredness.
If patients notice these side effects or if the information leaflet provides information, they should refrain from driving independently until the impairment has completely subsided. If the motion sickness persisted for several hours or days as a result of prolonged exposure, special care is required when assessing the general condition.
In particular, large fluid losses due to vomiting must be gradually compensated for in order to prevent circulatory problems. More extensive aftercare measures may also be necessary for patients with cardiovascular diseases, whose health values could be impaired by the disease. In this case it is recommended to check the blood pressure or insulin values.
Motion sickness is an annoying evil that is not uncommon. However, self-help is quite possible with this disease, especially if the disposition to do so is already known in advance. Prevention and help in acute cases are accessible to self-help.
Anyone who knows that they are suffering from motion sickness can prepare specifically for trips by car, ship and flights. Homeopathic active ingredients are often helpful in this context and are available over the counter in drug stores or pharmacies. Attention should also be paid to diet. Food shouldn't be heavy in the stomach, but a completely empty state should also be avoided. Anyone looking outside should always do so through a front window. Sliding objects past side windows can increase motion sickness.
If motion sickness has broken out, a break in the fresh air is often helpful. It is best combined with light movement. If this is not possible on an airplane, for example, nausea can be relieved by herbal remedies. In the event of vomiting, lost fluids should be replaced quickly if drinking is possible. Closing your eyes can reduce the symptoms that often arise from looking outside. The flight attendant often has the option of offering people affected by motion sickness a quiet seat.